Lithuania (officially the Republic of Lithuania) is a country in the Baltic region of Europe. Lithuania is one of the three Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people as of 2019, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are Baltic people and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language, the other being Latvian.
The climate ranges between maritime and continental and is relatively mild. The population density is lower than in the Western Europe, therefore most of Lithuania is covered by forests and agricultural pastures. Average temperatures in the coast are -2.5 °C (27.5 °F) in January and 16 °C (61 °F) in July.
Lithuania is a high-income advanced economy with a very high Human development Index, a very high standard of living and performs favorably in Measurements of civil liberties, press freedom, internet freedom, democratic governance and peacefulness.
Not much more than a decade after it regained its independence during the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990, Lithuanian was welcomed as a NATO member in 2004. The move came just weeks before a second historic shift for the country in establishing its place in the Western family of nations as it also joined the EU in 2014.